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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
switch



I - noun
1. control consisting of a mechanical or electrical or electronic device for making or breaking or changing the connections in a circuit (Freq. 4)
Syn:
electric switch, electrical switch
Hypernyms:
control, controller
Hyponyms:
commutator, cutout, ignition switch, push button, push,
button, selector, selector switch, three-way switch, three-point switch, time-switch,
toggle switch, toggle, on-off switch, on/off switch
2. an event in which one thing is substituted for another (Freq. 1)
- the replacement of lost blood by a transfusion of donor blood
Syn:
substitution, permutation, transposition, replacement
Derivationally related forms:
replace (for: replacement), substitute (for: substitution)
Hypernyms:
variation, fluctuation
3. hairpiece consisting of a tress of false hair;
used by women to give shape to a coiffure
Hypernyms:
hairpiece, false hair, postiche
4. railroad track having two movable rails and necessary connections;
used to turn a train from one track to another or to store rolling stock
Hypernyms:
railroad track, railroad, railway
5. a flexible implement used as an instrument of punishment
Hypernyms:
instrument of punishment
Hyponyms:
birch, birch rod, cane, ferule, rattan, ratan
6. a basketball maneuver;
two defensive players shift assignments so that each guards the player usually guarded by the other
Hypernyms:
basketball play
7. the act of changing one thing or position for another
- his switch on abortion cost him the election
Syn:
switching, shift
Derivationally related forms:
shift (for: shift), switch (for: switching)
Hypernyms:
change
Hyponyms:
switcheroo

II - verb
1. change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence (Freq. 5)
Syn:
switch over, exchange
Derivationally related forms:
exchange (for: exchange)
Hypernyms:
change by reversal, turn, reverse
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something PP
- Somebody ----s PP
2. exchange or give (something) in exchange for (Freq. 3)
Syn:
trade, swap, swop
Derivationally related forms:
switching, swop (for: swop), swap (for: swap), trade (for: trade)
Hypernyms:
exchange, change, interchange
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s something PP
3. lay aside, abandon, or leave for another (Freq. 2)
- switch to a different brand of beer
- She switched psychiatrists
- The car changed lanes
Syn:
shift, change
Derivationally related forms:
shift (for: shift)
Hyponyms:
transition, shift, break, surf, channel-surf,
leap, jump, diphthongize, diphthongise, cut
Verb Group:
change, exchange, commute, convert
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
4. make a shift in or exchange of (Freq. 1)
- First Joe led; then we switched
Syn:
change over, shift
Derivationally related forms:
shift (for: shift), switching
Hypernyms:
change, alter, modify
Hyponyms:
back, veer
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Something ----s something
5. cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation
- switch on the light
- throw the lever
Syn:
throw, flip
Hypernyms:
engage, mesh, lock, operate
Hyponyms:
switch on, turn on, switch off, cut, turn off, turn out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. flog with or as if with a flexible rod
Derivationally related forms:
switcher
Hypernyms:
flog, welt, whip, lather, lash,
slash, strap, trounce
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
7. reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action)
Syn:
interchange, tack, alternate, flip, flip-flop
Derivationally related forms:
flip-flop (for: flip-flop), tack (for: tack)
Hypernyms:
change by reversal, turn, reverse
Verb Frames:
- Something ----s
- Somebody ----s something

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