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Từ điển Oxford Learners Wordfinder Dictionary
patronage


I - noun
1. the act of providing approval and support (Freq. 3)
- his vigorous backing of the conservatives got him in trouble with progressives
Syn:
backing, backup, championship
Derivationally related forms:
back up (for: backup), back (for: backing)
Hypernyms:
blessing, approval, approving
2. customers collectively
- they have an upper class clientele
Syn:
clientele, business
Hypernyms:
people
3. a communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient
Syn:
condescension, disdain
Derivationally related forms:
condescend (for: condescension)
Hypernyms:
disparagement, depreciation, derogation
4. (politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
Topics:
politics, political science, government
Hypernyms:
social control
Hyponyms:
nomenklatura
5. the business given to a commercial establishment by its customers
- even before noon there was a considerable patronage
Syn:
trade
Hypernyms:
business
Hyponyms:
custom

II - verb
1. support by being a patron of
Hypernyms:
sustain, keep, maintain
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
2. be a regular customer or client of
- We patronize this store
- Our sponsor kept our art studio going for as long as he could
Syn:
patronize, patronise, support, keep going
Derivationally related forms:
supporter (for: support), patron (for: patronise), patron (for: patronize)
Hypernyms:
foster, nurture
Verb Group:
run on, keep going
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody

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