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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
reference



I - noun
1. a remark that calls attention to something or someone (Freq. 9)
- she made frequent mention of her promotion
- there was no mention of it
- the speaker made several references to his wife
Syn:
mention
Derivationally related forms:
refer, mention (for: mention)
Hypernyms:
remark, comment, input
Hyponyms:
allusion, retrospection, name-dropping
2. a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage (Freq. 6)
- the student's essay failed to list several important citations
- the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book
- the article includes mention of similar clinical cases
Syn:
citation, cite, acknowledgment, credit, mention, quotation
Derivationally related forms:
mention (for: mention), credit (for: credit), acknowledge (for: acknowledgment), cite (for: citation)
Hypernyms:
note, annotation, notation
Hyponyms:
photo credit, cross-reference, cross-index
3. an indicator that orients you generally (Freq. 5)
- it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved
Syn:
reference point, point of reference
Hypernyms:
indicator
Hyponyms:
benchmark, bench mark, landmark, lubber's line, lubber line,
lubber's mark, lubber's point, target, mark, white line, buoy
4. a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts (Freq. 5)
- he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic
Syn:
reference book, reference work, book of facts
Derivationally related forms:
refer
Hypernyms:
book
Hyponyms:
cookbook, cookery book, instruction book, source book, wordbook,
handbook, enchiridion, vade mecum, directory, annual, yearly,
yearbook, atlas, book of maps, map collection, encyclopedia, cyclopedia,
encyclopaedia, cyclopaedia
5. a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability (Freq. 4)
- requests for character references are all too often answered evasively
Syn:
character, character reference
Derivationally related forms:
characterise (for: character)
Hypernyms:
recommendation, testimonial, good word
6. the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression;
the class of objects that an expression refers to (Freq. 3)
- the extension of 'satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos
Syn:
denotation, extension
Derivationally related forms:
extensional (for: extension), denote (for: denotation), referent, refer
Hypernyms:
meaning, substance
7. the act of referring or consulting (Freq. 2)
- reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer
Syn:
consultation
Derivationally related forms:
consult (for: consultation), refer
Hypernyms:
action
8. a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to
- he carried an armful of references back to his desk
- he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation
Syn:
source
Derivationally related forms:
source (for: source), refer
Hypernyms:
publication
9. (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored
Syn:
address, computer address
Derivationally related forms:
address (for: address)
Topics:
computer science, computing
Hypernyms:
code, computer code
Hyponyms:
argument, parameter, URL, uniform resource locator, universal resource locator
10. the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to
- he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes
Derivationally related forms:
referential, refer
Hypernyms:
meaning, substance

II - verb
refer to
- he referenced his colleagues' work
Syn:
cite
Derivationally related forms:
citation (for: cite)
Topics:
writing, authorship, composition, penning
Hypernyms:
write, compose, pen, indite
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Did he reference his major works over a short period of time?

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