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Từ điển WordNet v3.1 - WordNet Dictionary
hold back


verb
1. hold back, as of a danger or an enemy;
check the expansion or influence of (Freq. 4)
- Arrest the downward trend
- Check the growth of communism in South East Asia
- Contain the rebel movement
- Turn back the tide of communism
Syn:
check, turn back, arrest, stop, contain
Derivationally related forms:
containment (for: contain), stop (for: stop)
Hypernyms:
defend
Hyponyms:
cut down, cut out
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Something ----s somebody
- Something ----s something
2. keep under control;
keep in check (Freq. 1)
- suppress a smile
- Keep your temper
- keep your cool
Syn:
restrain, keep, keep back
Derivationally related forms:
restrainer (for: restrain), restraint (for: restrain)
Hypernyms:
inhibit, bottle up, suppress
Hyponyms:
hold, confine, inhibit, bottle up, suppress,
control, hold in, contain, check, curb, moderate
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s somebody
- Somebody ----s somebody PP
3. refrain from doing
- she forbore a snicker
Syn:
forbear
Hypernyms:
refrain, forbear
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
4. wait before acting
- the scientists held off announcing their results until they repeated the experiment
Syn:
wait, hold off
Derivationally related forms:
wait (for: wait), waiter (for: wait)
Hypernyms:
act, move
Hyponyms:
hold out, delay
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s
- Somebody ----s something
- Somebody ----s VERB-ing
- They hold back a long time
5. hold back;
keep from being perceived by others
- She conceals her anger well
Syn:
conceal, hold in
Derivationally related forms:
concealment (for: conceal), concealing (for: conceal)
Hyponyms:
occult
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
6. secure and keep for possible future use or application
- The landlord retained the security deposit
- I reserve the right to disagree
Syn:
retain, hold, keep back
Derivationally related forms:
holding (for: hold), retention (for: retain)
Hypernyms:
keep, hold on
Hyponyms:
hold down
Verb Frames:
- Somebody ----s something
- They hold back the money


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