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Từ điển Oxford Advanced Learner 8th
expect



ex·pect [expect expects expected expecting] BrE [ɪkˈspekt] NAmE [ɪkˈspekt] verb
1. transitive to think or believe that sth will happen or that sb will do sth
~ sth We are expecting a rise in food prices this month.
~ sth from sb/sth Don't expect sympathy from me!
~ sth of sb/sth That's not the sort of behaviour I expect of you!
~ to do sth You can't expect to learn a foreign language in a few months.
I looked back, half expecting to see someone following me.
~ sb/sth to do sth House prices are expected to rise sharply.
I didn't expect him to become a successful writer.
Do you really expect me to believe you?
~ (that)… Many people were expecting (that) the peace talks would break down.
it is expected that… It is expected that the report will suggest some major reforms.
2. transitive (often used in the progressive tenses)to be waiting for sb/sth to arrive, as this has been arranged
~ sb/sth to expect a visit/call/letter from sb
Are you expecting visitors?
We were expecting him yesterday.
~ sb to do sth We were expecting him to arrive yesterday.
3. to demand that sb will do sth because it is their duty or responsibility
~ sth (from sb) Her parents expected high standards from her.
He's still getting over his illness, so don't expect too much from him.
~ sth (of sb) Are you clear what is expected of you?
~ sb to do sth They expected all their children to be high achievers.
We are expected to work on Saturdays.
~ to do sth I expect to be paid promptly for the work.
4. intransitive, transitive (informal, especially BrE) (not used in the progressive tenses)used when you think sth is probably true
‘Will you be late?’ ‘ I expect so.’
‘Are you going out tonight?’ ‘ I don't expect so.’
~ (that…) ‘Who's eaten all the cake?’ ‘Tom, I expect/I expect it was Tom.’  ‘That’ is nearly always left out.
compare unexpected
Idioms:expecting a baby to be expected what do you expect?
Verb forms:

Word Origin:
mid 16th cent. (in the sense ‘defer action, wait’): from Latin exspectare ‘look out for’, from ex- ‘out’ + spectare ‘to look’ (frequentative of specere ‘see’).

Thesaurus:
expect verb
1. T
They're not expecting to get any money from the government.
think • • look forward to sth • • anticipate • • bargain for/on sth • • look for sth • • look ahead • • watch for sb/sth • |formal await
expect/think/anticipate that…
It is expected/thought/anticipated that…
expect/look forward to/anticipate/look for/await results
2. T
They expect their children to be high achievers.
demand • • ask • • insist • • hold out for sth • |formal require • • stipulate
expect/demand/ask/require sth from sb
expect/demand/ask/insist/require/stipulate that…
expect/ask/require sb to do sth
Expect, demand or ask? Ask is not as strong as expect or demand, both of which can be more like a command.
3. T (especially BrE, spoken)
I expect he'll be late, as usual.
suppose • • imagine • • suspect • • assume • • presume • |especially spoken take it • |especially BrE, spoken I dare say • |especially AmE, spoken guess
expect/suppose/imagine/suspect/assume/presume/take it/dare say/guess that…
I expect/suppose/imagine/suspect/assume/presume/guess so.

Language Bank:
expect
Discussing predictions
The number of people using mobile phones to purchase goods and services is expected / likely to more than double by the end of 2015.
Experts have predicted / forecast that the number of people using their mobile phones to pay for goods and services should exceed 190 million in 2015.
This figure is set to reach 200 million by 2016.
By 2015, 800 million mobile phone users worldwide will be participating in social networks via their phone.
Sales of mobile phones in 2009 were lower than expected .
The company's announcement of 1.26 billion handsets sold for the year is in line with predictions .
Language Banks at ↑fall, ↑illustrate, ↑increase, ↑proportion

Synonyms:
demand
require • expect • insist • ask
These words all mean to say that sb should do or have sth.
demand • to ask for sth very firmly; to say very firmly that sb should have or do sth: She demanded an immediate explanation.
require • [often passive] (rather formal) to make sb do or have sth, especially because it is necessary according to a law or set of rules or standards: All candidates will be required to take a short test.
expect • to demand that sb should do, have or be sth, especially because it is their duty or responsibility: I expect to be paid promptly for the work.
insist • to demand that sth happens or that sb agrees to do sth: I didn't want to go but he insisted. We insist on the highest standards at all times.
ask • to expect or demand sth: You're asking too much of him.
demand, expect or ask?
Ask is not as strong as demand or expect, both of which can be more like a command.
to demand/require/expect/ask sth of/from sb
to demand/require/expect/insist/ask that…
to require/expect/ask sb to do sth
to demand/require/expect/ask a lot/too much/a great deal
to be too much to expect/ask

Example Bank:
As expected, they lost the election.
Did you honestly expect me to believe that?
I didn't really expect them to come.
I do not necessarily expect an easy answer to this question.
I think my parents always expected too much of me.
I was half expecting to see Jim at the concert.
I would expect the factory to be working again as normal by next week.
It would be foolish to expect this at his age.
It would be unreasonable to expect them to do all that work for free.
My parents fully expect us to get married.
She confidently expects to win.
The economy is widely expected to pick up in the first half of next year.
The wine list is excellent, as is to be expected from such a high-class restaurant.
They rightly expect to be obeyed.
This kind of behaviour is to be expected from a two-year-old.
Was she really naive enough to expect that he had changed?
We can expect to see an improvement in the weather over the next few days.
We expect good results from our employees.
You are entitled to expect certain minimum standards of accommodation.
You can hardly expect to learn a foreign language in a few months.
You can't seriously expect me to sympathize with you.
‘Are you going out tonight?’ ‘I don't expect so.’
‘Will Bill be there?’ ‘I expect so.’
Are you clear about what is expected of you?
Don't expect sympathy from me!
Don't expect too much from him.
Double the expected number of people came to the meeting.
Her parents expect high standards from her.
I didn't expect him to become a successful writer.
I expect he'll be late, as usual.
I'm expecting an important call.
Many people were expecting that the peace talks would break down.
That's not the sort of behaviour I expect of you.

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